Nearsightedness, or myopia, is a common vision condition. In nearsightedness, objects that are close-up appear clear, but objects in the distance appear blurry. Nearsightedness typically occurs in school-age children, and may continue to progress through early adulthood. While it is common for a patient to develop the condition at a young age, patients of all ages can be affected by nearsightedness.
Nonsurgical Treatments for Nearsightedness
The most commonly recommended treatments for patients at Yonge Eglinton Laser Eye & Cosmetic Centre, in Toronto, for nearsightedness are glasses and contact lenses. By wearing glasses or contact lenses, patients are able to achieve clear vision at all distances. Today, more than ever before, there is an abundance of choices in the world of designer glasses and contact lenses.
If a patient decides to wear glasses to correct his or her nearsightedness, he or she will have a vast selection of styles to choose from. The selection of readily available designer frames make it easier than ever before for a patient to find glasses that both complement his or her unique physical features as well as his or her personality. Along with the vast selection of frame styles available, there is also a large selection of lenses available. With the advancements made in lens technology, and the designer frames available, patients can achieve excellent vision without having to compromise his or her appearance. Patients who desire to see clearly, but do not want to obstruct part of their faces with glasses may benefit from contact lenses, and many patients find contact lenses to be comfortable to wear.
While many patients choose to treat their nearsightedness by wearing glasses or contact lenses, some find these treatments to be unsatisfactory. While glasses and contact lenses are excellent treatments of nearsightedness, a patient cannot achieve clear vision unless he or she is wearing these visual aids. Patients who desire to see clearly at all times without having to rely on contact lenses or glasses may benefit from laser vision correction procedures.
Surgical Treatments for Nearsightedness: LASIK
Through LASIK, millions of men and women around the world have been able to achieve perfect vision while eliminating their dependence on glasses and contact lenses altogether. LASIK is among the safest and most effective surgical procedures performed today. The vast majority of patients who have undergone LASIK have experienced an immediate and significant improvement in their vision following surgery. While some patients may still require glasses after surgery, most patients will be able to perform their day-to-day activities without having to rely on visual aids.
During LASIK, a thin flap is created in the cornea using a handheld blade or a laser. In order to access the underlying corneal tissue, the newly created flap is folded back. A laser is then used to carefully and precisely reshape the cornea.
Through LASIK, patients can achieve superior results. Most patients find the LASIK procedure to be painless and recovery process to be easy. Upon completion of surgery, most patients are able to see much better than they could before the procedure, with full results realized within a short amount of time.
Surgical Treatments for Nearsightedness: PRK
PRK, or photorefractive keratectomy, is a type of refractive surgery. Patients with nearsightedness who have a heightened risk of developing complications resulting from LASIK surgery may benefit from PRK. PRK can help patients achieve clear, crisp vision without having to rely on glasses or contact lenses. While PRK is not a suitable treatment for all patients, patients who do not qualify for LASIK may be able to achieve excellent vision through PRK.
Like in LASIK surgery, PRK involves reshaping the corneal tissue with an excimer laser. During PRK, the underlying corneal tissue is accessed by removing the epithelium by using a scalpel or a brush, or by administering a dilute chemical solution. After the epithelium has been removed, the cornea is then reshaped using a laser. While the results achieved through PRK are similar to those achieved through LASIK, the recovery process is more difficult.
Learn More about Treatments for Nearsightedness
If you would like more information about the many treatments available for nearsightedness, please contact the eye specialists of Yonge Eglinton Laser Eye & Cosmetic Centre today.